JLex directives: This includes macro definitions (described below). See the JLex Reference Manual for more information about this part of the specification. ~appel/modern/java/CUP/ □. A ready-to-use JLex spec. (*.lex). CUP spec. (*.cup). Lexical analyzer. (*.java). Nodes of the. The next section of this manual describes installation procedures for JFlex. If you never worked with JLex or just want to compare a JLex and a.
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If an input character with a code greater than is encountered in mamual input at runtime, the scanner will throw an ArrayIndexOutofBoundsException.
Its internal implementation may change between releases or skeleton files without notice.
JLex: A Lexical Analyzer Generator for Java(TM)
If it was your specification, you may use the generated code without restriction. If you unzipped it to say C: In both cases the look-ahead is not consumed and not included in the matched text region, but it is considered while determining which rule has the longest match see manusl How the input is matched. Access to the generated class is expected to be mediated by user class code see next switch. There are more subtle kinds of errors that can jleex introduced by JLex macros.
As shown in the example spec, this is the place to put package manuak and import statements. See also section Econdings for more information about character encodings. JFlex applies the following standard operator precedences in regular expression from highest to lowest:.
This section concentrates on the CUP side of the story. As the scanner reads its input, it keeps track of all regular expressions and activates the action of the expression that has the longest match. The syntax and semantics of regular expressions in flex are pretty much the same as in JFlex. When your program runs on more than one platform, however, as is often the case with Java, things become more complex. First of all the Jay code in a file MiniParser. Cycles in macro definitions are detected and reported at generation time by JFlex.
You can easily port such a JLex specification to JFlex by replacing every! This section concentrates on the CUP side of the story. Macros are abbreviations for regular expressions, used to make lexical specifications easier to read and mznual.
In earlier times, when the grass was green, mwnual the world was much simpler, everybody knew that the byte value 65 is, of course, an A. Although this allows a grammar like specification style, macros are still just abbreviations and not non terminals – they cannot be recursive or mutually recursive.
JFlex User’s Manual
Turns character counting on. Lexical state, line, char, and column counting remain untouched.
The following scenario works fine: This yylex in the parser only calls int yylex of the generated lexer and passes the result on.
It does the following:. If you have an existing CUP specification, it will probably look somewhat like this: Since you often have a bunch of expressions with the same start conditions, JFlex allows the same abbreviation as the Unix tool flex: The example does not describe the whole lexical structure of Java programs, but only a small and simplified part of it some keywords, some operators, comments and only two kinds of literals.
If an action does not return a value, the scanning process is resumed immediately after executing the action. They are operators in JFlex while JLex treats them as normal input characters. ISO is undefined there. You can still get a binary scanner when you write your own custom InputStreamReader class that does explicitly no translation, but just copies byte values to character codes instead.
The decimal integer n must be positive. With this, things like. State identifiers are letters followed by a sequence of letters, digits or underscores. If there is more than one regular expression that matches the longest portion of input i.
A start condition of a regular expression can contain more than one lexical state. Both n and m are non negative decimal integers and m must not be smaller than n. Makes all generated methods and fields of the class private. The following mankal a few heuristics that can make a lexical specification produce an even faster scanner.
Note that writing more rules in a specification does not make the generated scanner slower. You need to be root for that.