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The challenge of cultural relativism. James Rachels. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press () . What different positions have gone under the name of “cultural relativism”? What does Rachels think is the essence of the theory? Do you find the theory. James Rachels’ essay, The Challenge of Cultural Relativism, is primarily a critique of cultural relativism and, in a way; the writer has put forward.

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Information This entry was posted on March 15, by hadeelnaeem in Philosophy and tagged Cultural Relativism. It would have been helpful if another philosopher had presented an anthropologist’s view of cultural relativism, but fairness was not the textbook’s objective.

Science Logic and Mathematics. John Ladd – – Belmont, Calif. Email required Address never made public. Sign in Create an account. Underlying his ideas is the suspicion that cultural and moral relativism are a threat Saral Rahcels – – Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. In this case, we can easily identify through science, evidence and reason that one of these cultures is mistaken.

An Analysis of the Foundations of Morality. Ethical Relativism and Universalism. These cultural differences are just practices relativim customs relating to different areas and times and may not be morally right or wrong. The fact that there is no measure for societal progress without a standard and no moral value, belonging to any society, can be discouraged, looked down upon or prohibited can be delativism major problem.


Cultural Relativism in Social and Political Philosophy. The student was confused.

History of Western Philosophy. A Reinterpretation of Peter Winch. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless. He identified a logical fallacy in the argument of Cultural Relativism and discussed briefly the limitations of cultural relativism.

Rachels’ essay was chosen to represent the ethical issue of cultural relativism in an introductory textbook on ethics. North and Latin American Perspectives.

This entry has no external links. A need for a standard, hence, is vital. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Request removal from index. The tolerance people show towards homosexuality is because of Cultural Relativism. For Rachels, however, differences in rwlativism morality or vultural of customs—the relativity of moral values—become the central problem of cultural relativism Rachels culturwl It is the philosophers from our culture—people like Rachels—not the philosophers of other cultures—who assume the right to pass judgment on other cultures, and decide that some universal standard [End Page ] of morality, yet to be determined, is the real goal.

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Rationality, Relativism, and Religion: An anthropologist would have asked different kinds of questions: Moreover, the writer pointed out that even experience can tell us that Cultural Relativism is not quite the case; he based this particular argument on the tinges of moral objectivity that we see amidst the cultural differences in values.

James Rachels: The Challenge of Cultural Relativism

An undergraduate anthropology student came to me with an assigned reading in a philosophy course at the University culturxl Wisconsin, Stevens Point. You are commenting using your WordPress.


Defence of Cultural Relativism. Cultural Relativism cannot be a law particularly because of these values that are common everywhere and at all times.

Thus, I believe this theory has its importance as well, its usefulness lies in the tolerance that it teaches man. For instance, the covering of breasts with a scarf is part of some cultures and is not really important for other cultures. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Hence, we are stuck at the same problem; objectivity or no objectivity. Shomali – – Saqi Books.

On The Challenge of Cultural Relativism

However, the tolerance that they teach different societies is of value. As a result, for Rachels, cultural relativism leads to moral relativism.

The fallacy in the argument is that the conclusion does not follow from this premise. One cannot deny that Cultural Relativism, as a theory, has given us a lesson for tolerance. hte

Interpretations of a Concept. Contact Contact Us Help. The student had learned, however, that the anthropologist is a participant and an observer at the same time, and that our task is to faithfully portray a culture. That’s part of what I told my student as we discussed Rachels’ essay.