The Golden Legend is a collection of hagiographies by Blessed Jacobus de Varagine that was Among incunabula, printed before , Legenda aurea was printed in more editions than the Bible. Its repetitious nature is explained if Jacobus da Varagine meant to write a compendium of saintly lore for sermons and. Buy Legenda Aurea by Jacopo Da Varagine, A. Vitale Brovarone, L. Vitale Brovarone (ISBN: ) from Amazon’s Book Store. Everyday low prices. Buy Le leggende dei santi: (dalla Legenda aurea) Jacopo da Varagine (Varianti) by Jacobus (ISBN: ) from Amazon’s Book Store. Everyday low.
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The Golden Legend Latin: Varazez aurea or Legenda sanctorum is a collection of hagiographies by Blessed Jacobus de Varagine that was widely read in late medieval Europe. More than a thousand manuscripts of the text have survived.
Initially entitled Legenda sanctorum Readings of the Saintsit gained its popularity under the title by which it is best known. It overtook and eclipsed earlier compilations of abridged legendaria, the Abbreviatio in gestis et miraculis sanctorum attributed to the Dominican chronicler Jean de Mailly and the Epilogus in gestis sanctorum of the Dominican preacher Bartholomew of Trent.
Over eight hundred  manuscript copies of the work survive, and when printing was invented in the s, editions appeared quickly, not only in Latin, but also in every major European language. Among incunabulaprinted beforeLegenda aurea was printed in more editions than the Bible. Written in simple, readable Latin, the book was read in its day for its stories. The book is considered the closest to an encyclopaedia of medieval saint varazzee that survives today; as such it is invaluable to art historians and medievalists who seek to identify saints depicted in art by their deeds and attributes.
Its repetitious nature is explained if Jacobus da Varagine meant to write a compendium of saintly lore for sermons and preachingnot a work of popular entertainment. The book sought to compile traditional lore about all of the saints venerated at the time of its compilation. Aureaa da Varagine typically begins with an often fanciful etymology for the saint’s name.
An example in Caxton’s translation shows his method:. Silvester is said of sile or sol which is light, and of terra the earth, as who saith the light of the earth, that is of the church. Or Silvester is said of silvas and of trahensthat is to say he was drawing wild men and hard unto the faith.
Or as it is said in glossarioSilvester is to say green, that is to wit, green aures contemplation of heavenly things, and varzaze toiler in labouring himself; he was umbrous or shadowous. That is to say he was cold and refrigate from all concupiscence of the flesh, full of boughs among the trees of heaven.
Jacobus da Varagine
As a Latin author, Jacobus da Varagine must have known that Silvestera relatively common Latin name, simply meant “from the forest”. The correct derivation is alluded to in the text, but set out in parallel to fanciful ones that lexicographers would consider quite wide of the mark. Even the “correct” explanations silvas”forest”, and the mention of green boughs are used as the basis for an allegorical interpretation.
Jacobus da Varagine’s etymologies had different goals from modern etymologies, and cannot be judged by the same standards. Jacobus’ etymologies have parallels in Isidore of Seville ‘s Etymologiaein which linguistically accurate derivations are set out beside allegorical and figurative explanations. Jacobus da Varagine then moves on to the saint’s life, compiled with reference to the readings from the Roman Catholic Church ‘s liturgy commemorating that saint; then embellishes the biography with supernatural tales of incidents involving the saint’s life.
The chapter “St Pelagius, Pope and the History of the Lombards” begins with the story of St Pelagius, then proceeds to touch upon events surrounding the origin and history of the Lombards in Europe leading up to the 7th century when the story of Muhammad begins.
Many of the stories also conclude with miracle tales and similar wonderlore from accounts of those who called upon that saint varazzze aid or used the saint’s relics.
Agatha to supernaturally repel an eruption varaazze Mount Etna:. And for to prove that she had prayed for the salvation of the country, at the beginning of February, the year after her martyrdom, there arose a great fire, and came from the mountain toward the city of Catania and burnt the earth and stones, it was so fervent. Then ran the paynims to the sepulchre of S. Agatha and took the cloth that lay upon her tomb, and held it abroad against the fire, and anon on the ninth day after, which was the day of her feast, ceased the fire as soon as it came to the cloth that they brought from her tomb, showing that our Lord kept the city from the aureaa fire by the merits of S.
A dw portion of Jacobus’ text was drawn from two epitomes of collected lives of the saints, both also arranged in the order of the liturgical year, written by members of his Dominican order: Many of his stories have no other known source. A typical example of the sort of story related, also involving St.
Golden Legend – Wikipedia
Silvester, shows the saint receiving miraculous instruction from Saint Peter in a vision that enables him to exorcise a dragon:. In this time it happed that there was at Rome a dragon in a pit, which every day slew with his dda more than three ayrea men.
Then came the bishops of the idols unto the emperor and said unto him: O thou most holy emperor, sith the time that thou hast received Christian faith the dragon which is in yonder fosse or pit slayeth every day with his breath more than three hundred men. Then sent the emperor for S.
Jacobus da Varagine – Wikipedia
Silvester and asked counsel of him of this matter. Silvester answered that by the might of God he promised to make him cease of his hurt and blessure of this people.
Silvester put himself to prayer, and S.
Peter appeared to him and said: Our Lord Jesus Christ which was born of the Virgin Mary, crucified, buried and arose, and now sitteth on the right side of the Father, this is he that shall come to deem and judge the living and the dead, I commend thee Sathanas that thou abide him in this place till he come. Then thou shalt bind his mouth with a thread, and seal it with thy seal, wherein is the imprint of the cross. Then thou and the two priests shall come to me whole and safe, and such bread as I shall make ready for you ye shall eat.
Peter had said, S. And when lwgenda came to the pit, he descended down one hundred and fifty steps, bearing with him two lanterns, and found the dragon, and said the words that S.
Peter had said to him, and bound his mouth with the thread, and sealed it, and after returned, and as he came upward again he met with two enchanters which followed him for to see if he descended, which were almost dead varaze the stench of the dragon, whom he brought with him whole and sound, which anon were baptized, with a great multitude of people with them.
Thus was the city of Rome delivered from double death, that was from the culture and worshiping of false idols, and from the venom of the dragon.
Jacobus had his limits; he describes the story of Saint Margaret of Antioch surviving aureea swallowed by a dragon as “apocryphal and not to be taken seriously” trans. The adverse reaction to Legenda aurea under critical scrutiny in the 16th century was led by scholars who reexamined the criteria for judging hagiographic sources kegenda found Legenda aurea wanting; prominent among the humanists were two disciples of ErasmusGeorg Witzelin the preface to his Hagiologiumand Juan Luis Vives in Aurez disciplinis.
Criticism among members of Jacobus’ Dominican order were muted by the increased reverence towards the archbishop, which culminated in his beatification in Inthe Caxton version was updated into more modern English by Frederick Startridge Ellisand published in seven volumes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Manion, Bernard James Muir, eds. Medieval texts and images: Reames, The Legenda Aurea: Retrieved 16 November The Golden Legend or Lives of the Saints.
Compiled by Jacobus de Varagine. Readings on the Saints”. Retrieved 11 April — via Google Books. The Walters Art Museum. Manion and Bernard James Muir, eds.
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