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The International Classification of Sleep Disorders – Third Edition (ICSD-3) is the authoritative clinical text for the diagnosis of sleep disorders. This is an. International Classification of Sleep Disorders (2nd edn),. International Classification classification replaces the previous edition (ICSD-2; Ameri- can Academy of .. In the nonh sleep–wake disorder (or free-running disorder), which was. ICSD – International classification of sleep disorders, revised: Diagnostic and Includes bibliographies and index. 1. Sleep Disorders–Classification. 2. Sleep .. syndrome) to reflect crucial developments since the first edition. Changes .. The second section, the parasomnias, comprises disorders that intrude into or.

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Clinical identification of the simple sleep-related movement disorders. Sleep enuresis [] is recurrent involuntary voiding that occurs during sleep.

They sometimes occur in association with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Clinical and physiological heterogeneity of the central sleep apnea syndrome. Sleep-related eating disorder [] involves recurrent eating and drinking episodes during arousals from nocturnal sleep.

The current classification system is undergoing review and is being updated.

The main sleep-related features are presented in this section. Fatal familial insomnia and dysautonomia with selective degeneration of thalamic nuclei. A review of the literature on sleep related disorders and abnormal sexual behaviors and experiences. Sleepwalking, night terrors, and consciousness.

Classification of Sleep Disorders

Dent Clin North Am. Inadequate sleep hygiene [ 1213 ] is a disorder associated with common daily activities that are inconsistent with good-quality sleep and full daytime alertness. Inadequate sleep hygiene, and other insomnia due to a substance, requires some discussion of the differentiation between the 2 diagnoses. American Thoracic Society Standards and indications for cardiopulmonary sleep studies in children. Sleep-related laryngospasm caused by gastroesophageal reflux.


On the other hand, ingestion of caffeine in an amount that is considered excessive by normal standards can lead to a diagnosis of other insomnia due to a substance. The myoclonus is usually a finding during polysomnography that is often asymptomatic or can be associated with daytime sleepiness or fatigue.

Narcolepsy with cataplexy [ 4849 ]. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. REM sleep behavior disorder including parasomnia overlap disorder and status dissociatus [ 9293 ]. Future research needs for diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea: Noise, lighting, or other factors can predispose an individual to developing this disorder. Obstructive sleep apnea, pediatric [ 3637 ]. Comorbid insomnia does not indicate whether the associated medical disorder is causative or coincidental. Circadian rhythm sleep disorder, free-running none trained type [ 7677 ].

Somatic disease and sleep complaints: Diagnostic Classification of Sleep and Arousal Disorders. The jet lag type [ 7879 ], or jet lag disorder, is related to a temporal mismatch between the timing of the sleep—wake cycle generated by the endogenous circadian clock produced by a rapid change in time zones.

Sleepwalking [ 8889 ]. Narcolepsy due to a medical condition [ 5253 ] is the diagnosis applied to a patient with sleepiness who has a significant neurological or medical disorder that accounts for the daytime sleepiness.

Upper airway resistance syndrome has been recognized as a manifestation of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and therefore is not included as a separate diagnosis.

Sleep-disordered breathing associated with long-term opioid therapy.

International Classification of Sleep Disorders – Wikipedia

Alternating leg muscle activation during sleep and arousals: Sleep-related movement disorder due to a drug or substance is a sleep disorder that appears to have a substance or drug as its basis. Walking or moving the legs relieves the sensation. Behaviorally induced insufficient sleep syndrome [ 6061 ]. Specific research diagnostic criteria have been developed for the following: They are disorders of arousal, partial arousal, and sleep-stage transition.


Other central sleep apnea forms are associated with underlying pathologic or environmental causes, such as Cheyne-Stokes breathing pattern [ 2627 ] or high-altitude periodic breathing [ 2829 ].

Fatal familial insomnia [] is a progressive disorder classificatoin by difficulty in falling asleep and maintaining sleep that develops into enacted dreams or stupor. Westchester, ILU. The obstructive sleep apnea syndromes include those in which editin is an obstruction in the airway resulting in increased breathing effort and inadequate ventilation.

Insomnia due to a drug or substance [ 1617 ] is applied when there is dependence on or excessive use of a substance, such as alcohol, a recreational drug, or caffeine that is associated with the occurrence of the insomnia. DSM-V will list each of the following as primary sleep-wake eidtion The irregular sleep—wake type [ 7475 ], a disorder that involves a lack of a clearly defined circadian rhythm of sleep and wakefulness, is most often seen in institutionalized older adults and is associated with a lack of synchronizing agents, such as light, activity, and social activities.

Other hypersomnia not due to a substance or known physiological condition.