Imperial policing [Charles William Gwynn] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. William Gwynn’s (–), short book Imperial Policing (London: is harder to find investigations into the command of ‘imperial policing’, where senior offi-. Imperial Policing. Front Cover. Sir Charles William Gwynn. Macmillan and Company, Limited, Bibliographic information. QR code for Imperial Policing.
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The effect of fire is generally not due to umperial casualties it causes, but to the fact that it demonstrates the determination of the authorities. The actual timing and arrangements for the arrests seem to have been decided locally. Communal disturbances of a racial, religious or political character not directed against Government, but which Government must suppress.
On the one side he was condemned as a murderer and a brutal soldier, and on the other he was hailed as the saviour of India from a second mutiny; and it was argued that the sacrifice of life entailed by his action was as nothing compared to the slaughter on both sides that would have followed from another mutiny. Before commenting on the lessons to be drawn, from the whole episode at Amritsar, one further incident which occurred after the situation was well under control may be mentioned, as it did much to increase the bitterness engendered.
Leaders in the early stages are apt to be more distinguished by their oratorical powers, and perhaps by capacity of political organisation, than for military qualities. The use of non-lethal weapons also implies the probability of troops becoming engaged in hand-to-hand conflicts of a nature for which they are not specially trained nor physically specially fitted.
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The moral effect of the appearance of troops depends largely on the fact that they carry lethal weapons. Irving’s letter the Punjab Government on the 9th April ordered the deportation and internment of the two suspect gwynm under the provisions of the Defence of India Act, and at the same time agreed to the necessity of early reinforcement of the garrison.
Any processions or gatherings of four men will be looked upon and treated as an unlawful assembly and dispersed by force if necessary. The role assigned to the mounted troops of the garrison is curious. Please choose whether or not you want other users to be able to see pklicing your profile that this library is a favorite of poliing.
Rules for the conduct of troops when employed merely to suppress riots or disorder can be much more clearly defined than in the cases where imperal in the nature of military operation is involved; and they are well ikperial. The second category, and it is this which I have tried to illustrate in this book, includes cases when the normal civil control does not exist, or has broken down to such an extent that the Army becomes the main agent for the maintenance of or for the restoration of order.
The chief police station Kotwalithe Town Hall and the Post Office are situated together in the centre of the northern half of the city and the main ijperial connecting them with the civil lines runs along Hall Bazaar, through Hall Gate and across the railway by Hall Bridge; to. This prejudice is, I think, mistaken and due to misapprehension.
He had therefore to stand or fall by his decision, imperiql could not expect the responsibility for his decision to be shared by others. When armed hostile bodies are encountered troops can without hesitation use every method and weapon necessary for their defeat or capture, but drastic punitive measures to induce surrender, or in the nature of reprisals, may awaken sympathy with the revolutionaries, and in the long run militate.
Their aim is to show defiance of Government, to make its machinery unworkable gwynm to prove its impotence; hoping by a process of attrition to wear down its determination.
To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. It may often therefore be advisable to allow military officers, with a knowledge of the military dispositions and plans, to cross-examine the police sources of information.
Delay in the use of force, and hesitation to accept responsibility for its employment polocing the situation clearly demands it, will always be interpreted as weakness, encourage further imperrial and eventually necessitate measures more severe than those which would suffice in the first instance. The sides of the depression formed a considerable obstacle and in many parts the backs and enclosures of houses made the obstacle complete. They involve operations of a military character for which the Army receives training, and there is an extensive literature dealing with their conduct in all its aspects.
The Hunter Committee contained members avowedly hostile, and in many respects the investigation degenerated into the trial of a prisoner unprotected by the safeguards of formal legal procedure. In others where the structure appeared to be secure it has developed weaknesses.
Imperial Policing – Sir Charles William Gwynn – Google Books
imoerial It is, therefore, well to consider the course of events at Amritsar from the outset when -responsibility for decision was still vested in the civil authority. When fire ceased the troops were marched away without attending to the wounded or making arrangements for their treatment.
In drawing up the narratives, I have attempted to give a picture of the circumstances which led to the crisis, the reasons for military intervention, and the military action taken to restore order gwymn to reestablish normal conditions.
Everything, in fact, conspired to make Amritsar politically minded, and its most active and influential leaders were Drs.
As a consequence three British bank officials were murdered in their offices and their bodies burnt in the policinf about two hundred yards from where the police were stationed. Artillery fire for obvious reasons practically never comes into the picture, but it is well to remember that cavalry may still be used with great moral effect. Write a review Rate this item: It is fair to admit, however, that large parts of India gwnn actually in a highly inflammable condition and that many well qualified to judge shared his views on the dangers of the situation and held that repetition of atrocities such as those that had been fwynn at Amritsar could be checked only by mass punishment of the most drastic nature.
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Such steps not only upset the plans of the military commander but are generally interpreted as signs of weakness, of lack of determination and of loss of confidence in military action. Before doing so it may be well to consider the nature of the forces of disorder which may have to be dealt with. He also placed two pickets in the street with orders that no Indian was to be permitted to pass between the points at which they were posted, and in giving his instructions added that if Indians had to pass they must go on “all fours”.
To bring troops into polifing with a crowd before it is necessary exposes them to provocative usage and insults. impsrial
Even when martial law is in force the task of restoring order does not rest on the Army alone. The principles and doctrines which the book set out to define and illustrate, appear to have been confirmed by recent experiences; I have therefore not revised it, but in this edition have merely added two new chapters recording episodes of special interest.
Recognition of the continuity of necessity is also an important factor in forming plans and in framing orders for the con. The British community’ was not unnaturally alarmed, not only by atroci. No person residing in Amritsar city is permitted to leave his house after 8 P. In view of the. More like this Similar Items. Closely connected with the development of striking power is that of reserves. Tradition on the whole, as I think will be shown in subsequent chapters, has produced remarkably satisfactory results, but it has its dangers.