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False yam tuber (Icacina oliviformis) extract has been shown to have some toxic compounds that need to be investigated to find its effect on. Common Name:False yam. Description. The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plants, consisting of trees, shrubs, and lianas, primarily of the tropics. False yam (Icacina oliviformis syn. Icacina senegalensis) is a drought-resistant plant in West and Central Africa that produces a large tuber with.

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Toxicological Studies Although widely eaten, there exist some safety concerns about the seeds and tubers, at least of some species. The flesh is white and is usually speckled oliviforis yellow spots corresponding to bundles of free xylem. To consider icacina as just a weed or fallback crop for the worst of times is quite wrong. Despite its attraction, this potentially weedy and mostly untamed plant should not yet be introduced into locations beyond Africa.

False yam Descri ption. Probably, neither the production of fruits nor roots will be devastated by the careful harvest of the woody biomass. The tubers are then sliced and soaked in clean water for several days to soften the flesh and leach out bitter compounds. Roots, too, can contain toxins unless properly processed. Icacina claesensi Called kukbukumbu in Congo. Roots The tubers contain about percent starch. The iaccina pulp of the fruit is eaten at least in Congo, Senegal, and Guinea.

It can be stored until needed. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish oliviformid under the following license:.

The fruit is reportedly eaten in Congo.

Icacina oliviformis – Useful Tropical Plants

People truly enjoy the fruits as well as the seeds, which represent a permanent, reliable, and very tasty food. The species is easy to grow and is already sometimes cultivated in gardens at least in Senegal.


Though traditional preparations of the plant seem palatable and safe, new-comers should beware until food- processing research reveals more than is currently known.

Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available. This rugged shrub is the traditional emergency reserve for use in the absolute worst of times when even pearl olivifogmis succumbs.

Icacina oliviformis – African Orphan Crops Consortium

Indeed, in certain areas it might prove to be a better source of commercial starch than the yam itself. But sometimes a portion survives and produces a new shoot anyway. It is covered with very short hairs and contains a thin layer of white pulp, approximately 0. Do you enjoy reading reports from the Academies online for free? Success might instantly turn this wild resource into a cash crop for regions with few salable materials.

In addition, analytical chemists need to check samples for micronutrients, protein quality, and fatty acids making up the seed oil. Both tubers and seeds contain bitter compounds that must be washed out. Thus, there is a need to build a background of reliable knowledge by collecting both knowledge and germplasm, and comparing different features such as fruit size and flavor, seed size and palatability, resistance to pests and diseases, rate of growth, and other important horticultural attributes.

Olivifodmis leave them underground until absolutely needed. Nonetheless, there appear to be three locales of especial abundance: The volume describes 24 little-known indigenous African cultivated and wild fruits that have potential as food- and cash-crops but are typically overlooked by scientists, policymakers, and the world at large. Owing to their size and icacinna fact that they can penetrate far below the surface, they are difficult to dig out.

And there should be a check of seed germination, which is a possible difficulty through the seeds having a short longevity. To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter. Cassava is also a shrub, so this possibility is not as far-fetched as it may seem.


Even in the wild, it grows in a natural monoculture; pure stands with over plants per hectare have been recorded. This book is the third in a series evaluating underexploited African plant resources that could help broaden and secure Africa’s food supply.

African Plants

They are a particular favorite of children. The tubers, too, are used in the form of flour. The tubers show considerable variation in size, ranging up to cm in length, with a diameter of about oliviformia cm. How good does the preparation need to be for safety? Documenting Traditional Knowledge Icxcina this plant is so new to science but so old to Africans, it is vital oliviiformis document the methods and practices traditionally employed for handling and using it.

Based on feedback from you, our users, we’ve made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website. The emetic, antihepatotoxic, and antinephrotoxic effects of an extract from Icacina trichantha. The fruits, for instance, are widely enjoyed during the annual harvesting season. It contains bitter and perhaps toxic principles.

Summary [ edit ] Description Icacina senegalensis MS Although an especially hardy life form, shrubs are generally neglected in development activities. The root is not unlike cassava; various methods developed for handling cassava icaccina its products could provide invaluable leads.

This is an important attribute because icacina grows where people lose a lot of food to rodents and insects. This is particularly true wherever the real yam is cultivated; icacina spreads easily and its underground growth mimics yam, causing real oliviformid and crop losses at harvest.

You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.