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HOLOTHURIA ATRA PDF

Holothoria atra, is a holothurian of order Aspidochirotes belonging to the family Description a Sea Cucumber Species Holothuria atra Jaeger, from. Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed. Holothuria atra AquaMaps Data. Holothuria (Holothuria) atra Jaeger, AphiaID. (urn:lsid: :taxname). Classification. Biota; Animalia.

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Being an essential dye, Tryphan blue was used in estimating the number of viable cells present in a population. Among Holothuroidea genera, Cucumaria echinata and C.

Sea Cucumbers of Northern Australia. The number of live and dead cells were recorded. The diameter of the inhibition zone formed around the disc was measured. Structure and Bioactivity of sulphated polysaccharides. It is a small to very large species up to mmfissiparouscylindrical with rounded ends, a smooth tegument and a pliable body wall.

W 1 Ethane 11dichloro CAS 11dichloro ethane.

The methanol extracts of Holothuria atra showed maximum holpthuria of antitumor cells and it was observed by cell inhibition using tryphan blue. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research. Footnotes Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

The mean live weight is about g and can reach up to 1 kg.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett. Marine pharmacology in Shallow-water populations are denser and composed of smaller individuals, which reproduce mostly by transversal fission, while populations in deeper waters with larger and more scattered individuals reproduce sexually.

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The shallow water holothurians of Guam. Articles with ‘species’ microformats. A review of the family Holothuriidae Holothurioidea Aspidochirotida. Brought to you by.

The compounds were identified by comparison with the standards. Considering these as well as the results of present investigations, the methanolic extracts of Holothuria atra could form effective antitumour and antiviral agents. Overview of sea cucumber farming and sea ranching practices in China. Structure and cytotoxicity of a new lanostane-type triterpene glycoside from the sea cucumber Holothuria hilla.

Study on antivirus effect of fucoidan in vitro. Views Read Edit View history.

Bioactive compounds from Holothuria atra of Indian ocean

Black Sea Cucumber Local name: No Name of the compound Molecular formula M. The reference wavelength was more than nm. The 13C NMR spectrum showed the presence of a carbon—carb on double and indicated the presence of two conjugated carbonyls.

The methanol extract of the sea cucumber H.

A new cytotoxic lanostane-type triterpene glycoside from the sea cucumber Holothuria impatiens. Anti bacterial activity of the column purified fractions of sea cucumber, Holothuria atra against A Serratia liquefaciens B Escherichia coli C Klebsiella pneumoniae D Staphylococcus aureus.

Lissocarcinus orbicularisa small crab, is known to live on this species in a commensal relationship. The Black Sea Cucumber, the most commonly encountered holothurian in Qatar, is an omnivore feeder, sifting through the sediment with its tentacles and feeding on detritus and other organic matter while at the same time ingesting sand grains.

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Holothuria atra

Specimens of this species are conspicuous and common, lying exposed on sand flats of sandy or sand-covered rocky areas, sea grass beds, and among corals at depths from near the surface to about 20 m. Based on this fact, Japanese scientists have patented their scientific findings regarding the potential use of sea cucumber chondroitin sulfate to inhibit human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection Beutler et al.

The skin portion was peeled off and stored in methanol in separate containers. A total of 59 natural compounds were identified from the extracts of sea cucumber H. In the Pacific Islands, Holothuria atra is collected by diving or by wading at low tide, and used for human consumption; its commercial value, however, is low. The infected cells were stained and observed for plaque reduction. Sphingosine in apoptosis signaling. Holothuria atracommonly known as the black sea cucumber or lollyfishis a species of marine invertebrate in the family Holothuriidae.

Fuscocineroside C bioactive compound obtained from sea cucumber Holothuria fuscocinerea a triterpene glycoside showed cytotoxic nature against human cancer cells Zhang et al.

Workshop on Beche-de-mer, Eds K. Benefits of a sea cucumber extract in anti-angiogenic therapy and RTK inhibition for cancer.