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Prise en charge symptomatique de l’ascite maligne en phase palliative: place de la paracentèse et des diurétiques. Supportive care for malignant ascites in. Chez dix patients cirrhotiques porteurs d’une ascite sous tension, la pression voie endoscopique au moyen d’une fine aiguille, avant et après paracentèse. Mr G. presented for acute care 3 weeks ago with tense ascites, which was managed with a large volume paracentesis (LVP) of approximately 4 L. He was.

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A TIPS is a shunt between the portal vein and the hepatic vein, designed to reduce portal hypertension and improve renal sodium excretion by directly bypassing the paracentewe parenchymal tissue. Existing recommendations are old, and practices influenced by results obtained in non-neoplastic ascites.

A common decision-making point is whether to start diuretics as monotherapy or as combined therapy. Diagnostic peritoneal lavage Intraperitoneal injection Laparoscopy Omentopexy Paracentesis Peritoneal dialysis.

Paracentede, available data is controversial, and paracenyese is no predictive factor to identify patients that respond to diuretic treatment. Support Center Support Center. He is given an enema with good results, and then starts taking 2 senna tablets orally once daily at bedtime. In most cases, ascites is due to peritoneal carcinomatosis in which vascular permeability is enhanced by VEGF production while lymphatic drainage decreases.


Literature reports ascites control by aldosterone alone or in association with furosemide. Large volume paracentesis, indwelling ascitw catheters, or transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts can be considered in refractory ascites. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Back to the case Mr G. Physiopathological mechanisms of ascites formation are complex and have yet to be fully elucidated.

Management of ascites includes sodium restriction and use of diuretics. First-line therapy includes sodium restriction. Every 1 to 2 days, Mr G.

In an expert’s hands it is usually very safe, although there is a small risk of infection, excessive bleeding or perforating a loop of bowel. Views Read Edit View history. Management of refractory apracentese Refractory ascites occurs in patients who do not respond to diuretic therapy, who have diuretic-induced complications, or for whom ascites recurs rapidly after therapeutic paracentesis.

He is no longer able to swallow his medications including his diuretics.

Ascites in patients with cirrhosis

What the exact asscite of infection posed by an indwelling catheter is and whether or not patients require prophylactic antibiotics is not well defined in the literature. Int J Clin Oncol. Bariatric surgery Duodenal switch Jejunoileal bypass Bowel resection Ileostomy Intestine transplantation Jejunostomy Partial ileal bypass surgery Strictureplasty.


Ascites is defined as the presence of excessive fluid in the peritoneal cavity.

Paracentesis – Wikipedia

Diuretics Second-line therapy includes the use of diuretics. Outline Masquer le plan. Epub Mar The fluid is drained by gravity, a syringe or by connection paarcentese a vacuum bottle. Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ascites can paracentwse be secondary to portal hypertension, for example in case of multiple liver metastases, or due to lymphatic obstruction. The serum-ascites albumin gradient is superior to the exudate-transudate concept in the differential diagnosis of ascites.

Journal List Can Fam Physician v.

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for refractory ascites: J Vasc Interv Radiol. Radiographically, an abdominal ultrasound is useful in paracntese the extent of ascites in new-onset or worsening ascites. Additional evidences are required before guidelines can be established for the palliative management of malignant ascites. Competing interests None declared.