The final result was the Bull “Apostolicae Curae”, in which Anglican orders were declared to be invalid. As the Bull itself explains at length, its decision rests on. APOSTOLICAE CURAE. Pope Leo XIII. Apostolic letter of His Holiness by Divine Providence giving judgement on Anglican Ordinations, 13 September 1. Apostolicae curae et caritatis, qua Pastorem magnum ovium, Dominum nostrum Iesum Christum (Hebr. XIII, 20), referre pro munere et imitari, aspirante eius.
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Those powers were “certainly not intended to deal with an abstract state of things, but with a specific and concrete issue”. These consecrations occurred after the Caroline Divines had strengthened the doctrines of Eucharistic Sacrifice and Holy Orders in the Church of England.
In reality, the instructions given by the popes to Cardinal Pole for the reconciliation of the Edwardian clergy stated a general principle and left the application to him.
Thus Julius III sent Cardinal Reginald Pole, an Englishman, and illustrious in many ways, to be his Legate a latere for the purpose, “as his angel of peace and love,” and gave him extraordinary and unusual mandates or faculties and directions for his guidance. The unbiblical imbalance of the first statement is confirmed even in recent studies by Roman Catholic theologians. He commissioned a number of men, whose opinions on the matter were known to be divergent, to state the grounds for judgment in writing.
This, besides being clear from the nature and form of the said documents, is also obvious from the fact that it would have been altogether irrelevant thus to instruct the Legate one whose learning had been conspicuous in the Council of Trent as to the conditions necessary for the bestowal of the Sacrament of Order. In this way, the native character or spirit as it is called of the Ordinal clearly manifests itself. Articles containing Latin-language text Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced apostklicae from May Articles with unsourced statements from April CS1 Latin-language sources la Use British English Oxford spelling from March Use dmy dates from March And here, to interpret rightly the force of these documents, it is necessary to lay it down as a fundamental principle that they were certainly not intended to deal with an abstract state of things, but with a specific and concrete issue.
The apostolicxe used in administering a sacrament must be directed to the meaning of that sacrament; else there would be no reason why the rite used in one sacrament may not effect another. He noted that “a final solution [to recognition of Anglican orders] can be found only in the larger context of full communion in faith, sacramental life and shared apostolic vision”.
With this inherent defect of “form” is joined the defect of “intention” which is equally essential to the Sacrament.
The same is true also of Queen Mary and the others who cooperated with her in the work of restoring the Catholic religion and practice to its former condition. Catholic writers were impelled by a wish to smooth the way for the return of Anglicans to holy unity.
There is therefore a clear reference to a power peculiar to the sacerdotium, as required by A. It is true that this form was subsequently amplified by the addition of the words ‘for the office and work of a priest’; but this rather proves that the Anglicans themselves had recognized that the first form had been defective and unsuitable. We adduce two cases of this kind out of many which have apostollcae time to time been submitted to the Supreme Council of the Holy Office.
Dedicated to the Zpostolicae Heart of Mary. Nevertheless, We deemed it well to postpone a decision in order to afford time both to consider whether it would be fitting or expedient that We should make a fresh authoritative declaration upon the matter, and to humbly pray for a fuller measure of divine guidance. Following the introduction, part one gives the history of the question before the present apoatolicae.
This becomes even still clearer when we consider the Legation which, on the advice of Cardinal Pole, the Sovereign Princes, Philip and Mary, sent to the Pope in Rome in the month of February, Only when these questions have been answered can a decision be made about the validity or otherwise of ordination.
In Apostolicae Curae A.
Nequidquam porro auxilium causae novissime arcessitum est ab aliis eiusdem Ordinalis precibus. This practice is fully proved by the numerous cases of absolute re-ordination according to the Catholic rite even in Rome.
He then summoned them to Rome, directed them to interchange writings, and, placing at their disposal all the documents available, directed them to further investigate and discuss it. It sets forth that “the Sacraments of the New Law, as sensible and efficient signs of invisible grace, ought both to signify the grace which they effect, and effect the grace which they signify”.
In recent years, however, several members of the clergy and laity of the Anglican Church set forth the plea that the practice of the Catholic Church in insisting on unconditionally ordaining clerical converts from Anglicanism arose from want of due inquiry into the validity of Anglican ordersand from mistaken assumptions which, in the light of certain historical investigations, could not justly be maintained.
Many of the more shrewd Anglican interpreters of the Ordinal have perceived the force of this argument, and they openly urge it against those who take the Ordinal in a new sense, and apostolicaee attach to the Orders conferred thereby a value and efficacy which they do not possess. Consequently the instructions given by them to the same Legate in answer to his request could not have had the scope of laying down what was essential for the validity of sacred ordinations in general; they had to be specifically directed to making provision for holy orders in England itself, as required by the conditions and circumstances described.
A Critique of Apostolicae Curae
In the observance of this apotolicae we have a proof directly affecting the matter in hand. But he also feeds it with Word and Sacrament.
The Prayer Book has always reserved Eucharistic consecration to the priest or bishop, As for whether this power of consecration was aposstolicae as excluding any concept of offering, see below.
Before dealing with what the Rite does say, another point must be made about omissions from it. An Ecclesiology for the Third Millennium.
These, by the undoubted teaching of the sacred canons, were clearly null if given with any vitiating defect. Therefore, if it can be shown that the Church of England did not intend to stop ordaining priests and bishops of the Catholic Church to perform the ministrations proper to these orders, including Eucharistic sacrifice, then the conclusion of A. Not only was the formula ‘Take the Holy Ghost’ too late amplified by the words ‘for the office and work of a bishop’, but even these additional words, as We shall shortly declare, must be judged otherwise than in a Catholic rite.
Not only is the proper form for the sacrament lacking in cura Anglican Ordinal; the intention is also lacking.
On the Nullity of Anglican Orders – Papal Encyclicals
Thus prepared, he ordered them to meet in special sessions under the presidency of a cardinal appointed by him. Wherefore, we ordered that the Anglican Ordinal, which is the essential point of the whole matter, should be once more most carefully examined.
But it observes that this rather shows that the Anglicans themselves perceived that the first form was defective aapostolicae inadequate.