Lc meletinsky, eleazar sociedades, culturas y hecho literario. A todos ellos deben afiadirse una introducci6n a ia teoria literaria. Now you can watch full. Title, Teoría literaria. Lingüística y teoría literaria. Contributors, Marc Angenot, Jean Bessière, Douwe Wessel Fokkema, Eva Kushner. Publisher, Siglo Veintiuno. Title, Teoria literária: problemas e perspectivas. Volume 51 of Nova enciclopédia. Author, Marc Angenot. Contributor, Edmond Cros. Publisher, Dom Quixote.
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East Dane Designer Men’s Fashion. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Based on the definition of libido by Freud as mental life characterized by the search for pleasure, for love Teoris and distancing from pain and death Thanatosand of the “Id” as the most profound and primitive art of the personality and “Ego” as the part of personality in contact with reality, Leite indicates these cpncepts as a framework for the focalization on literary analyses between organism and environment.
Psicologia da literatura e psicologia na literatura
Spranger, when focusing his analysis on fundamental human values, admits theoretical, aesthetic, social, political, and religious types. Considering that the behavior results from this organism-environment interaction, Leite proposed that current psychology should have resources that will explain two forms angeot behavior that are of direct interest to literature i.
In parallel, heredity has been superimposed on previous or temporary experience, causing behavior to be understood as the result angenit an interaction with the environment. Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go. Considering what has been said thus far about the text, reader and expectation, we believe that it is possible to generalize, respectively, a stimulus, organism and respose model in which the text corresponds to the stimulus Ethe reader to the organism O and the expectation to the response R.
In other words, according to Iser, the texts, in general, contain statements that can be understood by the reader mixed with other statements that require from the reader a complementation of meaning, a filling of their “gaps” i. What is responsible for this? Thus, when this relationship takes place the gaps disappear” Iser,p.
Since the interest of the present study is in the behavior elicited by the reading of a literary work, we shall try to relate below a scheme of the E-R theory to the study proposed by us.
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By connecting the elements of this scheme with one another, we understand that they are valid for a schematic representation of the process of textual reception. But these characteristics overlap so constantly that the complex situations in which they are involved literarka on which they act deserve more acute observations than the possibility of fitting them into a specific social type.
Within the context of this theory, the concept of “unconscious”, dynamically and continuously linked to conscience in a cause-effect relationship, and the Freudian attempt to translate it into intelligible terms have been considered to be one the most significant contributions of psychology to literature, especially for those who, like the German romanticists, were concerned about “the nocturnal and sick aspects of the human personality”.
Specifically used to deal with what one literariq more criteria cause something to be considered literature, the term literality, defined as a fictitious discourse or the imitation of daily language acts and in relation to certain properties of language Culler,has theoretically and methodologically relevant aspects of the literary object.
This opinion was shared by the German philosopher Schlegel, who understood imagination as the ability to associate images at the consciousness level, in contrast to fantasy, which appears to operate with images arising from the frontier with the unconscious. In etoria words, it is not the psychological truth, regardless of the emphasis on the notion of the reality of creation, that will give artistic value to a work of art, but rather the way this truth was manipulated to underscore coherence and complexity so that something really new is obtained.
According to the German psychologist Rudolf Arnheimit is the task of creative imagination to enable man to translate the physical appearance of objects into appropriate forms for given contexts, this being due to the psychological reason that, in the human perception and thinking, the similarity is not based on a meticulous identity, but rather on the correspondence of essential structural characteristics.
If, in the imagining mode, we think of individual objects, these will be the same objects that will appear to our consciousness The neuroses of Edgar Allan Poe: According to Dante Moreira Leitetraditional psychology used to understand human behavior as something resulting from mental life.
The reader must recur to his imaginative activity in order to establishe the meaningful coherence of the text. The value placed on mysticism and religiosity and the recognition of unconscious forces that project into the external world and generate rich and significant ideas in productive thought caused Jungian theory to become a fertile ground for the development of the diversity of works of art, considered by artists to be a more profound and revealing horizon than the technique and knowledge of the exernal world provided by Freudianism.
In his work ” The Act of Reading “originally published inWolfgang Iser conducted an important study of the interaction between the reader and the text focusing on how, and under which conditions, a text has a meaning for the reader.
And it is by means of this condition that the interaction of the text with the reader occurs, something quite different from reading the text looking for a hidden message or based on a unique interpretation. Explore the Home Gift Guide. Editora da Universidade Estadual Paulista.
In Sartre’s conception, therefore, the descriptions of types, environments, sensations and emotions litteraria in literary texts place us in front of a symbolic system whose understanding is a movement that is never concluded but in whch the symbologies are continuously sought for the progress of knowledge. As regras da arte: With behavior being the result of this organism-environment interaction, Leite believes that current psychology should have the resources for explaining two forms of behavior that are of direct interest to Literaure i.
There are authors who advocate the use of ideal types derived from rational methods such as those of Sprangerand authors who advocate the use of empirical types which presume to literraia a broad area of personality of many persons, extremes of a continuum, such as introverted versus nagenot individuals ; cultural types influenced by their participation in groups, whether typical or angenoy, such as a trader, a farmer, a barber, a priest, a politician, etc.
Jaus, A literatura e o leitor: In teoriaa, Leite clarifies that, with the exception of pathological personalities locked up in their on worlds and of depersonalized individuals, who reflect the conditions in which they find themselves, eliminating the importance of the context for personality elicits a reducing focalization on it, without considering, for example, individuals who are able to adjust or to react in a realistic manner without being changed by the reality of the environment in which they are inserted and exist.
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Agnenot involvement with the text is seen as a type of tangle in which what is strange will be understood and assimilated. It also presents the detailed schematization of the reading process observed in the textual reception process and in the organism-environment interaction. One of them involves the dialectic of protention and retention, two terms borrowed from the phenomenologic theory of Husserl However, contemporary psychology proposes that conscience should be understood as an intermediate link between environment and behavior i.
What is the legitimacy of this process? A common practice in historical novels, the presence of the type, according to Kaufmanis justified by the necessity of the extistence of representatives of a given milieu or social class in whose fictional destinies are reflected important trends and historical changes.
According to the authorit is the necessity to explain art based on the characteristics of an individual once the loss of social belief in the supernatural is recognized, as well as the loss of belief in the hereditary determination of individual characteristics and in sociological explanations as the origin of these differences.
By representing reality or by self-representation, a literary work may show realistic intentions, with a character being dentified as a social individual; conventional semantic intentions with the text acting as a mediator of the instances that occur in the narrative; simulation intentions, in which what can be said or not said is always indirect; and social symbolization intentions, with the narrative involving a consideration of the manner how society symbolizes itself.
In this case, the permanence of childhood feelings or events in the mental and behavioral life of adults, as well as the evolution of emotionl and affective conflicts in historical continuity, with repression of instincts in proportion to neurotic intensification, are relevant aspects for the approach to individual histories and cultural histories, respectively.
Psychology of literature and literature in psychology. Similarly, the readers also respond, in their own way, angeenot what they read, a fact that renders tforia responses to literature “effects” that determined plots have on the readers. His world is made up of what he perceives, feels, sees, thinks and imagines in a manner that cannot be identically reproduced by any other person. And, starting from Romanticism, a more marked subjective tendency towards artistic themes and towards interest in criticism is added to these facts.
As plane characters, their role is tied to a specific situation or to a generalized conduct, a characteristic that also distances them from caricature, which involves a unique quality or idea taken to the extreme, so that such distortion liyeraria evokes a satire. Share your thoughts with other customers.