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Ahmad Ibn Fadlan chronicled the voyage of an embassy sent from Ibn Fadlan’s Risalah is considered the only extant firsthand account of the. Ahmad Ibn Fadlan met with the Vikings in Volga Bulgaria. His chronicle called Risala includes detailed information and observations about them. The travel. But perhaps the most memorable passages in the Risala, his account of his journeys, concern the Varangians, In , the Arab traveler Ahmad ibn Fadlan (fl.

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And all houses are covered with parchaembroidered by gisala. And this is a river of small width, its width is five elbows, and its water to a navel, and in places to the neck, and in the most part it reaches a height of a man.

They still have dirhams, for which only the yellow copper is used, called Samarkandian. After that conversation he malik favored me, has brought me closer, has distanced my co-journers, and named me Abu-Bekr As-Saduk.

In it we accidentally met Ibn-Karan, the supporter of ad-Da’iand therefore we hid in a caravan and went rapidly until we reached Nayshabur. We bought Turkish camels and ordered road bags of the camel leather for crossing the rivers which we will have to pass in the country of the Turks. Geography and cartography in medieval Islam. They are the filthiest of all Allah’s creatures: Also, Itil is the capital of the Khazar country and the river is named on its name.

And really, at the malik I saw three big bowls, similar to the Yemen shells “jaz”, he told me that they bowls are made from the base of the horn of this animal.

Ahmad ibn Fadlan

As it turned out, the Meshkhed manuscript did not belong to Ahmad Ibn-Fadlan, but represented extracts in a shorthand form. They have to wash their faces and heads every day, they favlan it with the filthiest and dirtiest water imaginable, like this, every day a slave-girl comes in the morning with a large washbowl with water, and she brings it to her owner. One of the Ruses stood beside me and I heard him talking to my interpreter.

A man meets a man, cuts off his head, takes it with him, ahmax leaves. And he dead was far in the tomb and was not brought over Finally, on May 12,the group arrived at the Volga Bulgars’ capital on the shores of the great ib.

On 21 June 11 safar AHa diplomatic party led by Susan al-Rassi, a eunuch in the caliph’s court, left Baghdad.


Who eats them, does not doubt that it is a pomegranate fruit. They passed on their way by a forest, and they lead him sindian into it, put a rope on his neck, tied him at the top of a high tree, left him there, and went on.

Perception of the Vikings from Ibn Fadlan’s glance in al-Risala

The same is the Turkish custom also: And if he the first merchant fled, he does the same, and tells him to the second merchant: Home Back In Russian Literature. The malik moved from the water called Haldja i.

If he sends to a campaign a unit, in no way it would retreat, and if it would flee, everyone from it who came back to him malik is executed. So, we remained Sunday, Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday in the tents which were set for us, until he gathered maliks, leaders and inhabitants of the country to hear the letter. I did not see among them any person who had a fever, however the majority of them are ill, and die from it.

And really I saw the ground cracked and in it split were formed big ravines from the force of the cold, and a huge old tree really broke up in two half from it. With you is the youth of the malik, and he is familiar with your task. When he was driven to resignation about it; he gave an order to the muezzin to proclaim ikama twice, and he did it. Then I asked him malik about this man, and he said: Sometimes he copulates with one of them in the presence of the companions whom we mentioned above.

He is usually assumed to have been ethnically Arab although there is no positive evidence to this effect. If he dies, they bury him. Thus muezzin made a pray according to this instruction for some days while he malik asked me about money and disputed with me about them, and I drove him to dismay rrisala it and defended by evidence in it. Once I came from the bath, and when I came into the house and looked at my beard, it was one chunk of a snow until I approached the fire.

The Khazar malik has a huge city on the Atil river.

Ahmad ibn Fadlan – Wikipedia

So, I went astride together with them, until arrived at the river, and there, I came near this man, and he, measured with my elbow, is twelve elbows, and his head is a biggest caldron that ever existed, and his nose is more than a quarter, and both eyes are huge, and every finger is more than a quarter.


The translator continuously translated word for word. People pulled out their road bags, and they are from camel leather. From certain aspects of his writing style, scholars have guessed that he may not have been an Arab, but there is no certainty on this point. I was stunned by that, gave a glorification to Allah and asked for the pardon. In the film, the Arab ambassador is taken even further north and is involved in adventures inspired by the Old English epic Beowulf.

Six of them are equal to one danak. Grendel, who is attacking the Danish mead hall called Heorot and its inhabitants; Grendel’s mother; and, later in life after returning to Geatland modern southern Sweden and becoming a king, an unnamed dragon. And here are the conditions about the kalym for the women it is said: Then we closed our faces and said: It is difficult to know exactly when the first encounter between the Northmen and the Muslims took place but the first well-documented contacts between them date back to the ninth and tenth centuries.

And so, when he arrives to his friend, that puts for him a yurtand delivers to him as many as he can sheep, so the Moslem only needs to slaughter them, as the Turks do not slaughter them.

I have never seen more perfect physical specimens, tall as date palms, blonde and ruddy She took the meat and milk and some things that we added, went from the house into the desert, dug up a hole and buried in it what she brought, and said some words.

Page of the manuscript of Ibn Fadhlan’s travel account. He also describes in great detail the funeral of one of their chieftains a ship burial involving rape and human sacrifice. Ancient settlement discovered in Albania History. Nothing is known about Ibn Fadlan other than what can be inferred from his Risala. One of the customs of the King of the Ruses is that in his palace he keeps company with four hundred of his bogatyrs and most trusted companions; they die when he dies and die fighting for him.

The Beowulf manuscript is now housed in the British Library, London [5].